New Jersey Radiant Heating
Radiant heating systems use panels in the floor, wall or ceiling to directly heat a room. This system depends on delivering heat directly from the hot panel surfaces via infrared radiation.
Radiant heating has many advantages over other methods of heating. It is more efficient than forced air heating because it eliminates the energy loss from transferring the heat via ductwork. In addition to the energy advantages, radiant heating is superior for people with allergies. Unlike a forced air system, radiant heat does not distribute allergens.
There are three methods of radiant floor heating. Whether an air, electric or hydronic system is ideal for your home is determined by many factors. A Van Natta radiant heating expert can help you decide which setup is best for you.
Types of Radiant Floor Heating
There are three types of radiant floor heating. Radiant air floors use air as the heat carrying medium. Electric radiant floors use electricity to heat the floor itself or panels under the floor. Finally, hydronic radiant floors pump heated water through tubes under the floor.
Electric Radiant Floor Heating
Electric radiant floors are usually created by wiring electric cables into the floor. Some electric radiant floors feature plastic mats placed under a floor such as tile.
These floors are usually only cost-efficient if they are built under a large concrete floor that can hold heat in for many hours. If this is the case, the electric radiant system can be turned off overnight with minimal loss of heat, thereby saving money on electricity costs.
Hydronic Radiant Floor Heating
Hydronic radiant floors are the most popular radiant heating systems because they are the most cost-effective. Tubing is run under the floor and heated water from a boiler is pumped through this tubing. Often, the flow of water can be controlled through each individual tubing loop to maximize energy and cost-efficiency. The cost of a hydronic radiant heating system varies greatly depending on the size of your home, type of floor and type of installation.
Radiant Flooring Installation
Whether you decide to go with the electric or hydronic radiant heating systems in your home, there are two main installation systems used. There are benefits and detriments to both methods. Which method is right for your home depends on many factors and a Van Natta radiant heating expert can help you determine which is best for you.
A wet installation involves installing either electric cable or hydronic tubing directly into a solid floor, usually a layer of concrete or other material installed on top of a subfloor. Wet installations are the traditional method of installing radiant heating systems. Concrete floors are very efficient for storing heat from solar panels, but because they have a slow thermal response time, the cost saving method of turning off the heat at night is not usually viable.
Dry installations have been gaining in popularity recently due to improvements in flooring technology. In a dry installation, electric cable or hydronic tubing runs underneath the floor. This kind of installation has become the more popular method because it is faster and less expensive. However, because the dry floor method involves heating an airspace between the two layers of floor, it can be less efficient. Usually these efficiency costs are offset by the lower cost of installation, especially for existing homes.
Lastly, instead of placing wiring or tubing in the floor of your home, radiant panels can be installed in the walls or ceiling. Most radiant panels are electric and can carry the same operating costs as electric radiant floors. They are ideal for additions to existing homes because they can be less expensive than extending the entire existing heating system.
Radiant panels heat up the fastest out of any heating technology. They are often very cost and energy efficient because the panels in each room can be controlled independently and turned off when the room is not in use.
However, the disadvantage to radiant panels is that they often operate on a proximity basis. You will be much more comfortable and warm when situated near the panels. Radiant panels in the ceiling may also create a strange, unfamiliar distribution of heat.
Each of the radiant heating systems, whether electric, hydronic, dry floor installation, wet floor installation or wall and ceiling radiant panels, have their distinct advantages and disadvantages. The experts at Van Natta Mechanical Corp can help you decide which method would be the most efficient and cost-effective for your situation. Give us a call today at 201-391-3700 or contact us online to learn more about how we can provide you with the ultimate heating system solution!